Fire extinguishers are designed to be easy to use in a moment of crisis. The general types of portable fire extinguishers are ABC dry chemical units, BC dry chemical units, CO2 units, and ABC multipurpose dry chemical and halon (extinguishes all types of fires except electrical and flammable liquid fires) units. They come in various sizes and may be located throughout an office building are home.
The most common multipurpose extinguishers, ABC, are suitable for most instances encountered by a farmer or gardener. Combination extinguishers are marked with more than one classification letter and are suitable for more than one class of fire. The Universal Classification System (UCS) has five designations for fire extinguishers: class A, B, C, D and K.
On-site fire extinguishers should be located within areas where fires are likely. The following are some suggestions for placing fire extinguishers: Place a fire extinguisher on every vehicle or piece of equipment (outdoors and in alleys and garages). Place a fire extinguisher near every exit door so they can be conveniently located by building occupants in the event of a fire. Place a fire extinguisher in welding, paint and flammable cleaning areas, near open flames such as stoves, or near other potential sources of fires. For example, if you have a fuel pump leak, install an extinguisher nearby.
Extinguishers are available in different sizes, which typically correspond with the water equivalency (gallons) or the approximate area of coverage. Larger extinguishers last longer but can be bulky to use. Reference the manufacturer’s and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) ratings for specific sizing information.
Portable fire extinguishers are essential household safety items for everyone. Choose one rated for the intended use and install it in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Carefully read the manufacturer's label to verify you are buying an extinguisher that is appropriate for the type of fire you want to suppress or control.
Fire extinguishers are among the largest and heaviest of all fire protection products. In addition, their weight is not evenly distributed making it likely that a damaged unit can tip over when being moved. If left alone, an extinguisher will nearly always remain standing, but continually monitor and maintain a safe distance between an in-use extinguisher and other objects such as valves or overhead pipes. Remember to check the operating pressure of an extinguisher monthly.